The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) is an agency set-up to protect and defend the United States against terrorist and foreign intelligence threats, uphold and enforce the criminal laws of the United States, and provide leadership within the criminal justice system. The FBI’s main website, at http://www.fbi.gov/, offers the user many link options to its various law enforcement functions.
The FBI Crime Statistics page offers the user a wealth of statistical information with the annual Uniform Crime Reports, at http://www.fbi.gov/stats-services/crimestats. But one does not need to be a statistician to appreciate the information; the web page is easy to understand and navigate, even for a novice. The Uniform Crime Report is the FBI’s most comprehensive analysis of violent crime and property crime in the United States, compiling the volume and rate of criminal offenses at the national and state and, in some instances, county and municipal levels. Statistics reflecting arrests, clearance, and law enforcement employee data are also included. The statistical presentation and analysis of the Report breaks down into such topics as Annual Crime Stats, Hate Crime Statistics, Law Enforcement Officers Killed and Assaulted (LEOKA), The National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBRS), Bank Crime Reports, Internet Crime Reports, National Gang Threat Assessments, and Terrorism Incidents.
With the Uniform Crime Reports, criminologists, students, or the merely interested can locate statistics according to such categories as types of crime, victims of crime, perpetrators of crime, and location of crime. For example, if a user were interested in hate crime statistics for 2011, she would click on the link for “2011” under the “Hate Crime Statistics” section of the Uniform Crime Reports web page. This will take the user to the 2011 Hate Crime Statistics page, where she can browse narrower topical categories related to the hate crimes committed in 2011, including the following: Incidents and Offenses, Victims, Offenders, Location and Type, and Hate Crime by Jurisdiction. Within the “Location and Type” category, for instance, the user can then scroll through and select from a list of subcategories – racial bias, religious bias, sexual-orientation bias, ethnicity/national origin bias, disability bias, and multiple-bias incidents – to find particular percentages for a type of hate crime reported and where.
Additionally, on the 2011 Hate Crimes page, as on those of the other crime categories, there are fourteen tables that represent different statistical charts or data sets, such as 1) Incidents, Offenses, Victims, and Known Offenders, by Bias Motivation; 2) Offenses, Known Offender’s Race, by Offense Type; 3) Offenses, Victim Type, by Offense Type; 4) Incidents, Bias Motivation, by Location; and 5) Agency Hate Crime Reporting by State. These easy-access table and chart links enable the user to refine her search to more specific statistical information regarding hate crimes.
With the FBI crime statistics web site, a user can find many statistics for many areas of crime. The need to cull crime statistics may propose an unpleasant commentary about our society; however, it is encouraging to know there is an organization like the FBI dedicated to lowering these statistics.
~ Kevin Miller, L’15 ~
Class Advisor – Cory M. Lenz, Esq.